This sacrament was called Extreme Unction (last anointing) not because it was the last sacrament you received before you passed out of this life but because it was the last anointing a person received. The Anointing of the Sick involves using Oil of the Sick - Olive Oil blessed by the bishop during Holy Week.

Anointing with oil is not a magical or good-luck gesture but a sincere sign of supernatural assistance to coincide with the physical medicine and treatment already being given. Those suffering are reminded of St. Paul's words: "Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I am filling up what is lacking in the afflictions of Christ on behalf of his body, which is the Church." (Colossians 1:24), and "For Christ's sufferings overflow to us, so through Christ does our encouragement also overflow." (2 Corinthians 1:5).

Who can receive Anointing of the Sick?

Anointing of the Sick should be administered to anyone that begins to be in danger of death from sickness or old age and also just prior to a serious operation. These, however are not limits of the sacrament. It can be repeatedly given to someone if his/her condition becomes worse as well as for the elderly whose frailty becomes worse.

Who administers this sacrament?

Like almost all sacraments bishops and priests are the ordinary ministers. The faithful are encouraged to call upon a priest to perform this sacrament when it is known that someone is sick and/or dying.